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Scottish Executive Guidance
Here are some notes and guidelines published by the Scottish Office/Executive that deal with planning for better waste management.
NPPG10 provides statements of the government's policy on land use for waste management. It defines 'waste' as "the unwanted by-product of activities or anything otherwise discarded. It can be gaseous, liquid or solid."
NPPG10 brings together all the sections of legislation that deal with waste and applies them specifically to planning and land use. The Guideline explains that although pollution control and planning are separate issues, they must complement each other.
Planning systems should involve acceptable land use, minimising adverse effects. Also, they should include plans for restoration of the land following its use. Furthermore, development plans should contain sound waste policy, based on Scottish, UK and EC legislation as well as the National Waste Strategy: Scotland.
The Guideline then goes on to outline specific policy on land use for waste reduction, reuse and recovery, treatment, incineration and disposal. Special and clinical waste is also discussed.
Click here to view the full text of NPPG10 at the website of the Scottish Office.
Planning Advice Notes provide advice on good practice and other relevant information. PAN63 complements National Planning Policy Guidelines NPPG10: Planning and Waste Management and the National Waste Strategy: Scotland.
Its purpose is to provide advice on a sustainable approach to planning, with particular emphasis on a shift from waste disposal to integrated waste management. It can be used to assist planning authorities and developers by highlighting the issues that they must take into consideration.
PAN63 provides advice that is based on the National Waste Strategy: Scotland, EC Directives and other legislation. It stresses the importance of the fact that planning authorities should take into consideration their Area Waste Plans. The guidance provided by PAN63 is also relevant to proposals for facilities to deal with wastes that are not covered by the Area Waste Plans.
The section entitled Good Practise in Waste Management Planning deals with the location and siting of waste management facilities as well as how waste may be managed in other developments. Among the issues considered is the possible need to safeguard sites for the future developments of waste management facilities.
The main thrust of the advice on siting is that waste management facilities should be located so as to minimise adverse effects on the environment and local populationHowever, PAN63 also notes that accessible locations will reduce traffic (and associated pollution) and provide employment opportunities to those in the vicinity. . In addition a range of waste treatment facilities should be constructed at a single location, providing that this does not have any negative effects.
There is specific guidance on waste collection, separation and recycling facilities, waste transfer stations, civic amenity sites, composting facilities, incinerators, other Energy from Waste facilities and Landfill and Landraising.
The PAN encourages developers to Reduce, Reuse and Recycle construction and demolition waste as much as possible. Other environmental priorities are considered, including the prevention of air and water pollution.
There are also notes on design and layout. A waste management facility should complement the surrounding area by the use of appropriate colours and material. Landscaping should be an integral part of the development process.
Click here to download the full text of PAN63 from the Scottish Executive's website.
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