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Glossary

This glossary of terms was compiled from a wide range of sources and covers some of the most commonly used waste-related words and abbreviations.

Please select a letter from the A-Z index to find the definition of a term.

A-Z index
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E
Emissions
Gases, solids and liquids that are discharged into the air, water or ground.
Energy from Waste (EfW)
The process of recovering energy by burning or otherwise treating waste.
Energy Recovery
The recovery of useful energy in the form of heat and/or power from burning waste. Generally applied to incineration, but can also include the combustion of landfill gas and gas produced during anaerobic digestion.
EU Landfill Directive
The objective of the EU Landfill Directive (99/31/EC) is to prevent or reduce as far as possible negative effects on the environment from the landfilling of waste, by introducing stringent technical requirements for waste and landfills. The Directive is intended to prevent or reduce the adverse effects of the landfill of waste on the environment, in particular on surface water, groundwater, soil, air and human health.
 
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