- uses oxygen
- does not use oxygen
- the turning of organic waste into
soil conditioner using the process of biodegradation without oxygen
- Best Practical
Environmental Option (BPEO)
- the most cost-effective and environmentally- friendly
- can be broken down by a the natural process of decomposition
by bacteria and other microorganisms
Biodegradable Municipal Waste
the portion of Municipal Solid Waste which can be broken down by bacteria
and other microorganisms.
turn organic waste into soil conditioner using the process of biodegradation.
- Energy from Waste (EfW)
- energy that is recovered by burning or otherwise treating
- turning into gas; thermal treatment of waste to recover
energy - the waste is heated to between 800 and 1400 degrees C, in the
presence of oxygen
- green waste
- organic waste from the garden
- inert waste
- waste that is not active, that is, it does not decompose
or otherwise change
- the method of disposing of waste by burying it under
- Materials Reclamation Facility (MRF):
- plant where materials are separated and baled and then
sent for recycling.
- CH4 - a smelly gas that contributes to the greenhouse
Municipal Solid Waste (MSW):
solid waste that is collected by or on behalf
of a Local Authority.
- waste that is active, that it, it does change or decompose
- organic waste
- refuse that is biodegradable
- polluter pays
- principle by which one who produces pollution (including
waste) is made responsible for it.
- breakdown by heat; thermal treatment of waste to recover
energy - the waste is heated to between 400 and 800 degrees C, in the
absence of oxygen, and a mixture of gas, solid and liquid fuel is produced
- breaking down something to make something new from the
- soil conditioner
- product which improves the condition of soil
- a way of life, behaviour or practice which can be maintained
indefinitely, e.g. without using up finite resources.
- sustainable development
- development that can be maintained in the long term,
that is without consuming or destroying finite resources.
- thermal treatment
- treatment by heat - in terms of waste, this includes,
incineration, pyrolysis and gasification
- waste hierarchy
- Reduce, Reuse, Recycle - the order in which we should
try to deal with waste before we dispose of it.
- waste minimization
- the process of reducing the amount of waste that
is disposed of